Eurasian Medical Journal

International Higher School of Medicine

ISSN 1694-8254

INFLUENCE OF GREEN TOBACCO ON CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND LOCAL PROTECTIVE MECHANISMS

Belov G.V.1,2, Zakirova T.A.1, Talantbekova N. T.2

Abstract
Introduction. In the tobacco-growing farms of Kyrgyzstan, work with green leaves and dried tobacco raw materials is mostly done on home plots by women of reproductive age. Children of middle and high schools are attracted to the production. Preschoolers and junior schoolchildren are for a long time with mothers employed in production. 


Chemical pleurodesis using betadine and glucose in the treatment of patients with transudative pleural effusion in case of chronic kidney disease

A.A. Egay1, 2, B. Kh. Bebezov¹, A.T. Kazakbaev¹, A.E. Tentimishev², A.M. Feigin3

Abstract
Transudative pleural effusion (PE) is most often encountered in patients with congestive heart failure, hepatic and renal failure, and especially in their terminal stages, as an indicator of the decompensation of the patient's condition. Chemical pleurodesis (CP) has been successfully used for several decades in patients with malignant PE, both with primary lesion of the pleura, and with its secondary lesion. The choice of an agent for pleurodesis should be based on its effectiveness, safety and availability. Despite the extensive study of this issue, the search for the ideal pleurosclerosant is still underway. 


Quality of life of patients with the lower extremities varicose veins

V. N. Nikolenko1,2, I. A. Vinokurov1, S. N. Odinokova1, G. V. Mnatsakanyan1, R. Kh. Belkharoeva1

Abstract
Introduction. The wide prevalence of the lower extremities varicose veins and the variety of methods for its surgical correction, necessitate a comparative assessment of the quality of life of patients after various methods of surgical treatment. 
The aim is to assess the quality of life of patients with the lower extremities varicose veins, depending on the surgical treatment method.


THE ROLE OF ACTIVATION OF SOLUBLE TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR-Α RECEPTORS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMORBID PATHOLOGY: CHRONIC HEART FAILURE ASSOCIATED WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES AND OSTEOPOROSIS

Shilov S.N.1, Berezikova E.N.1, Uzakov O.J4., Samsonova E.N.1, Safronov I.D.1, Popova A.A.1, Yakovleva I.V.1, Efremov A.V.2, Schmidt G.2,Teplyakov A.T.3, Grakova E.V.3

Abstract
Objective. To study the clinical and pathogenetic relationship between the risk of developing heart failure (CHF), type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), and osteoporosis with the level of activation of soluble tumor necrosis factor-α 1 and type 2 receptors (TNF-α-SR1 and SR2) and osteoprotegerin, as well as to evaluate the effectiveness of bisphosphonate therapy in postmenopausal women.


ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION IN DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2 AND THE EXPERIENCE OF USING «ROTAZAR"

R. B. Sultanalieva1, V. G. Knyazeva1, K. B. Jooshbaev2, D. M. Satarova2, N. N. Usubaliev1.

Abstract 
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and type 1 angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBS) can slow the progression of nephropathy and provide regression of albuminuria and proteinuria in diabetes mellitus (DM). Effective reduction of blood pressure in patients with DM is no less significant for reducing the risk of complications than careful control of glycemia. Achieving the target blood pressure (BP) is one of the strategies for preventing cardiovascular complications in patients with diabetes.


STATE OF IMMUNE REACTIVITY IN EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS WITH CARCINOSARCOMA WALKER 256 EXPOSED TO GENERAL HYPERTHERMIA

E.A. Vaskina1, O.Zh. Uzakov2, A.V. Efremov1

Abstract
The paper presents immunity indicators in rats with Walker 256 carcinosarcoma during the development of the tumor process and exposure to general hyperthermia. The data obtained indicate that the effect of general hyperthermia on the body of experimental animals with Walker 256 carcinosarcoma is accompanied by multidirectional changes in the parameters of the immune system both in the direction of their decrease and increase in various periods after hyperthermia. This may be due to the activation of endogenous regulatory systems that determine the body's immune reactivity.
Keywords: Walker 256 carcinosarcoma, humoral and cellular immunity, general hyperthermia.


EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ABSOLUTELY DRAINLESS PERCUTANEOUS NEPHROLITHOTRIPSY

F.Yu. Yuldashev1, F.R. Nasirov1, J.Kh. Mirkhamidov1

Abstract
The presence of drains in the urinary tract, installed in percutaneous nephrolithotripsy, is fraught with a number of complications and causes inconvenience for the patient. Absolutely drainless percutaneous nephrolithotripsy can significantly reduce the incidence of catheter-associated urinary tract infection, reduce the need for analgesics in the postoperative period, and reduce the length of hospital stay and the cost of medical services.
Key words: urolithiasis, endoscopic treatment, complications.


Materials of IV International Interinstitutional Science and Practice Conference on “Innovations in medical science and education” October 23-24, 2020, International Higher School of Medicine, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan Annex to the 1st number of Eurasian Medica

The research work of students

The research work of students is one of the most important means of improving the quality of training of specialists with higher education, who are able to creatively apply the achievement of scientific progress in practice.


FREQUENCY AND POSSIBLE CAUSES OF BILIARY DYSKINESIA IN PATIENTS WITH BRONCHIAL ASTHMA IN THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC

M.E. Asheraliev1, A.T. Alymkulov2, Gupta Richa2

Abstract
The article shows the essential component of biliary dyskinesia (BAD) frequency in a sample of patients with bronchial asthma. The data on dysfunctions of the gastrointestinal tract at the subclinical level of manifestations and a comparative characteristic external respiration functions between patients with DVP in the subclinical course and the period of remission are presented.
Key words: bronchial asthma, DVP, FVD, gastroduodenal pathology.


HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT AND STATE OF HEMODIALYSIS SERVICE IN AZERBAIJAN

Fariz G. Babaev ogly

Abstract
Currently, the most pressing medical and social health problem is the progressive growth of chronic renal failure. The organization and development of hemodialysis treatment in Azerbaijan is associated with the name of the founder of the school of urology, nephrology, hemodialysis and kidney transplantation in Azerbaijan, academician M.D. Javad-zade. For the first time in the USSR on March 4, 1958 with the participation of M.D. Javad-zade at the urology clinic of the second MOLGMI named after N.I. Pirogov, the first hemodialysis session was carried out in a patient with acute renal failure.


RESULTS OF SURGICAL TREATMENT OF BENIGN ADRENAL TUMORS

B Bebezov1, T.A. Ermekov2, A. Kydyraliev2

Abstract
The results and analysis of  the surgical treatment of 48 patients with adrenal tumors operated from 2009 to 2018 are shown. The indication for surgical treatment of adrenal gland masses is the clinical manifestation of the tumor, its hormonal activity and the high malignant potential of the tumor. Of the 48 (100%) cases of benign adrenal tumors, in most cases adenomas of the adrenal cortex - 26 (54.0%) patients. Then pheochromocytomas - 11 (23.0%), adrenal cysts - 7 (15.0%), adrenal hyperplasia - 3 (6.0%) and myelolipomas - 1 (2%). The laparotomic approach is the most convenient, effective and sparing approach, which improves the patient's quality of life in the postoperative period than the thoracoabdominal and translumbar approaches.
Key words: adrenal tumor, adrenalectomy.


PALLIATIVE PERCUTANEOUS TRANSHEPATIC INTERVENTIONS IN COMPLICATED LIVER ALVEOCOCCOSIS

Turar A. Yermekov , Shamil M. Chingyshpayev

Abstract
Introduction. The article presents the experience of transcutaneous transhepatic drainage of the decay cavity in complicated liver alveococcosis. This intervention was used in the complex of both palliative care and in the preparation of the patient for radical surgical intervention. The results of the treatment of 20 patients with complicated liver alveococcosis are reflected. The effectiveness of transcutaneous transhepatic interventions to facilitate patients' condition and/or prepare them for extensive surgical operations compared to open methods of drainage of alveococcal caverns has been shown.


COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FREQUENCY AND LEVEL OF ANXIETY DISORDERS AMONG RESPONDENTS LIVING IN KYRGYZSTAN AND KAZAKHSTAN DURING THE COVID -19 PANDEMIC

O. Zh. Uzakov, S.Yu. Komissarova, A.T. Alymkulov, Kermaly kyzy M.

Abstract
Introduction. At present COVID-19 pandemic is an acute and socially significant problem for the whole world population, which is explained by its scale, contagiousness, the insidiousness of the pathogen, and lack of effective preventive means (vaccine) and effective therapeutic ways to combat this infection. It is safe to say that one of the main parameters of Covid-19 pandemic evaluation is the psycho-emotional and psychological health of the population


GLAUCOMA AS A SOCIALLY SIGNIFICANT EYE DISEASE AMONG ADULTS AND CHILDREN UNDER 14

Omorova G.K.

Abstract
Introduction. Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of irreversible vision loss, so it is one of the pressing problems of modern healthcare. According to WHO, glaucoma accounts for up to 5% of all ocular pathology. By 2020, the number of patients will increase to 5.9 million and 5.3 million will lose vision due to primary glaucoma. Among the causes of primary disability, glaucoma has remained stable at a fairly high level for many years, amounting to 20-28%. 


MORPHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF THE SOMATOTYPE OF FOREIGN AND LOCAL STUDENTS

Nurgul K. Omuralieva1, Aigul A. Chonkoeva1

Abstract
Introduction. It is well known that one of the main criteria of health is the adaptive capacity of the body and physical development. The geoclimatic distribution of various populations in the usual living conditions leaves certain imprints on cultural traits, morphological and physiological characteristics of the organism's vital activity. 


ECHINOCOCCOSIS OF THE PERICARDIUM (CASE FROM PRACTICE)

I.H. Bebezov, A.A. Rakimbaev, M.K. Dzhundubaev, D.B. Toktosunova, E.D. Seitahunova, R.S. Kalieva, A.K. Turgunov

Abstract

Echinococcosis is a parasitic disease widespread in many countries of the world and continues to remain a serious medical and national economic problem. The article presents a rare case of a giant echinococcal cyst localized in the pericardial cavity with invasion into the left ventricular myocardium and causing compression of the left heart, as well as surgical intervention aimed at its complete removal.


ASSESSMENT OF THE PLASMA LIPID SYSTEM ADAPTIVE STRATEGIES BY DIFFERENTIAL ENTROPY MODELING USE

Chonkoeva A.A., Mukhamedova I.P.

Abstract

Introduction. The lipid system of the blood is an example of a dynamic, open thermodynamic, stochastic system, which includes the following components: lipoproteins containing triacylglycerides, cholesterol and cholesterol esters, the state of which can be described by an entropy value and thus characterize the state of the like system as a whole.


POSSIBILITIES OF SURGICAL APPROACHES TO REMOVE TUMORS OF THE PARANASAL SINUSES THAT HAVE SPREAD TO THE BASE OF THE SKULL

A.M.Orozalieva1, B.D.Shalabaev2, Ali Zeshan1, Zeeshan Majeed1

Abstract

Introduction. Surgical treatment of tumors of the paranasal sinuses that have spread to the base of the skull, include those with invasion into the cranial fossa, belonging to a severe and often dangerous category and fraught with serious complications. Therefore, the choice of a surgical approach to remove such tumors is of particular importance.


HISTOSTRUCTURE OF INTRAMURAL LYMPHOID FORMATIONS OF THE HEART

Masalbek A. Satybaldiev1, Aida M. Ergesheva2, Adelya E. Seytkulova1

Abstract

The system intraorganic Structures I lymphatic collectors of the heart, their size, structure and location in time of personal areas of wall lymphangions . Generation and configuration of muscle fibers in the structure of the uniting vessel. A diagram of the connection of various structures of the lymphatic system for the implementation of the passage of lymph, from the subendocardial lymphatic capillaries to the main vessels of the outflow.

Key words: lymphangion, lymphatic bed, collector, caliber, shape.


CLINICAL CASE RARE COMBINATIONS PRIMARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM WITH DEFICIENCY OF VITAMIN D

Sultanalieva R.B., Knyazeva V.G., Kudaibergenova N.T.

Abstract

Primary hyperparathyroidism is a rare but interesting pathology that affects not only the parathyroid glands, but also bones, kidneys, and other organs. This pathology is rarely diagnosed at an early stage. We have given an example of an unusual combination of primary hyperparathyroidism and vitamin D deficiency.

Key words: Parathyroid gland, vitamin D, hormones, calcium.


THE EFFECTIVENESS OF COMPLEX THERAPY FOR THE REGENERATION OF POSTOPERATIVE WOUNDS (EXPERIMENTAL STUDY)

T.B. Uzakov

Abstract

Summary: The study was carried out on 60 white Wistar rats, simulating a surgical wound. The rats were divided into 5 groups of 10 rats each. Group 1 is control - rats from this group were made an incision on the sidewall, abdominal wall, followed by natural healing within 10 days; Group 2 - an incision followed by the use of chitosan ointment; Group 3 - the wound was exposed to photostimulation treated with methylene blue; Group 4 - physical activity in the postoperative period on a treadmill for 30 minutes; Group 5 - complex application of chitosan, photostimulation, and physical activity. Wound healing was recorded by determining the area, photo-fixation of the wound, and histological examinations of the skin and internal organs were performed.


DEVELOPMENT OF A METHOD FOR ENDOSCOPIC RECANALIZATION OF THE URETHRA

Faizulla Yu. Yuldashev1, Furkat R. Nasirov1, Jalal Kh. Mirkhamidov1, Safojon S. Kasimov2, Muhammadzarif K. Bakhadirkhanov2, Nozima J. Uralova2

Abstract

The article summarizes the results of the analysis of data from the treatment of 53 atients who underwent endoscopic recanal ization of obl iterated urethra, fol lowed by electric esection scar tissue. Conducted cl inical studies  have shown that recurrences, after the ntervention, by the end of 1 year of observation, occur in 18.9% of patients.

Key words: obliteration of the urethra, endoscopic treatment, efficacy.